How to Hydrate Salt Cod – Bacalhau
I’ve had many requests for the process of hydrating salt cod (bacalhau). It’s relatively easy to do so I’ve posted some information here for those of you that are novices at cooking with the cod.
This photo above, was taken at Portugalia Marketplace in Fall River. They have an amazing refrigerated room solely for selling the salt cod. It is said that the best salt cod is from Portugal because they use the best cod fished in the oceans of Newfoundland, and then salt cured using Portuguese techniques.
You can find the cod at most Portuguese markets. Some Italian markets or even some Hispanic markets will sometimes carry salt cod as well, but they generally only use the boneless cod. If you’re lucky enough to live where you can find Portuguese salt cod, I suggest you buy the whole fish, since it’s cheaper by the pound.
The tail portions and the belly portions are great to make dishes such as Pasteis de Bacalhau (Codfish Croquettes), Pataniscas (Codfish Cakes) or any recipe that uses shredded cod. Most will save the thicker portions to serve in recipes that call for bigger pieces such as; Bacalhau Assado, (Baked) or Cozido (Boiled).
You’ll find many other recipes here on this blog by using the search bar under: Bacalhau, or Salt Cod
This video is very informative for those of you that want to know all about the process.
Process for hydrating salt cod:
Note: This process may take 2 or 3 days depending on the thickness of the cod.
Rinse the cod in very cold water to remove the excess salt, then place into a large pan or bowl big enough to completely submerge the cod.
Place in the refrigerator, or I will often place the pan in a large tub with ice to keep the water cool. The next day, drain out the water, rinse the cod and add new fresh water. Let hydrate the second day. On the third day, drain and rinse the cod. Cut a small piece out of the thickest portion and taste. (Don’t worry, the salt is cured so it’s harmless.) The cod should have some taste, and have a little saltiness. On the third day, some people will soak the cod in milk to remove some of the fishy taste, but this is optional. I like my cod to taste like cod, so I just use water for this process.
Let soak for a third day if you want most of the salt removed. As you do this more often you’ll find you’re an expert at it and you’ll know the exact timing for the process.
If you find the cod is to your taste on the third day, go ahead and rinse, pat the cod dry with a towel. Wrap individual pieces with parchment paper, foil, or plastic and freeze in freezer bags. Label the date. When you need to use simply remove as many portions as you need and place in the refrigerator overnight to thaw. You can also place in a bowl of cold water for a few hours to thaw.
Note: Boneless cod like this photo below will take less time to soak.